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Author ORCID Identifier

Alexarae Deer: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2368-0611

Carlyn Ellison: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6337-389X

Linda Struckmeyer: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9558-9828

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors, among older adults, that play a role in causing fall-related injuries in the home as well as to investigate the various preventive measures via a literature review. 14 articles were identified to have met the inclusion/exclusion criteria for this review. The results showed that there were potentially modifiable risk factors (for example, musculoskeletal factors like balance and gait impairment), several available preventive measures (for example, home modifications and medication review), and effective multifactorial programs in preventing falls among older adults. This study also sought to locate gaps in the current literature regarding fall risk prevention in the older adult demographic. Additionally, selected articles were found to neglect the role of occupational therapy in fall prevention.

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