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Introduction/Background: This topic focuses on the utilization of kinesio taping (KT) to assist with decreasing pain in the low back. According to Shipton, low back pain has gone up by more than 50% since 1990. These factors are attributed to smoking, obesity, sedentary occupations, and to low socioeconomic status.Globally, in 2016, it is said that low back pain contributed 57.6 years to disability and the prevalence peaks around the ages of 35-55 years according to the World Health Organization.

Purpose: The purpose of this literature review is to compare research articles between KT with physical therapy interventions as compared to sole physical therapy interventions for alleviating LBP.

Methods: The three search engines used for this literature review were Google Scholar, PubMed, and the University of St. Augustine Library database. The inclusion criteria for this study were participants >18 years old, no allergies to KT, and have LBP. The exclusion criteria were participants younger than 18, allergies to KT, patients that do not have LBP. There are eighteen articles that were analyzed in this literature review.

Results: In the overall analysis of this literature review, 12 out of the 18 articles were in favor of KT taping to provide relief as a secondary intervention for alleviating low back pain.

Discussion: This literature review provides interpretation that KT as a secondary intervention provides further support than relying on sole physical therapy interventions to improve functional mobility and pain for patients with chronic non-specific LBP. As a result of this review, most of the research was in favor of KT as a secondary intervention to relieve symptoms of low back pain. Even though the results of this literature review reveal that KT assists as a secondary intervention to relieve low back pain, the overall research is low quality since there are many studies to confirm that there is no significant difference between utilizing KT versus other interventions to alleviate low back pain. The limitations with this study are that there are only 12 articles to support in favor of KT to assist with relieving back pain and that the results are low quality for many of the studies analyzed in this literature review due to the smaller sample sizes. This literature review can contribute to the utilization of KT in physical therapy practice to determine if it assists in alleviating back pain for those who present with symptoms of low back pain.

Publication Date

Summer 8-19-2020

Publisher

University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

City

San Marcos, CA

Keywords

Kinesio taping, strength, physical therapy exercises, back pain, literature review

Medical Subject Headings

Low Back Pain, Exercise Therapy, Athletic Tape, Physical Therapy Modalities, Review

Disciplines

Kinesiotherapy | Physical Therapy | Physiotherapy

Comments

Poster presented at the Spring 2020 Campus Research Day at San Marcos, CA, campus the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on August 19, 2020.

Analysis of Physical Therapy Interventions vs. Kinesio Taping  for Relieving Low Back Pain

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