Date of Award
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Douglas M. Turner, PhD, RN
Andrya R. Rivera-Burciaga, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, ACHPNp
Practice Problem: Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injury (HAPI) is a serious problem in patient care and has deleterious implications for the patient and the healthcare system. A 530-bed acute care hospital in the Rio Grande Valley identified a similar challenge and implemented a HAPI preventive program.
PICOT: This evidence-based practice (EBP) project was guided by the following PICOT question: In the Intensive Care Unit/Medical Intensive Care Unit (ICU/MICU) patients aged 18 and older, does a pressure preventive bundle, compared to routine pressure injury care, reduce the incidence of pressure injury, within 21 days?
Evidence: The reviewed literature supported evidence of effective use of a pressure injury preventive bundle in reducing the incidence of pressure injuries in an acute care setting. Seven articles met the inclusion criteria and were used for this literature review.
Intervention: The evidence-based pressure injury preventive bundle are interventions that included consistent skin risk assessment and the application of a group of clinical practice guidelines composing of moisture management, optimizing nutrition and hydration and minimizing pressure, shear, and friction that were proven to prevent the occurrence of pressure injuries.
Outcome: Post-implementation findings showed that there was no reduction in the incidence of HAPI but significant decrease in the severity of the pressure injury from Stage two to Stage one.
Conclusion: The staff education, training, and implementation of an evidence-based bundle intervention to prevent the incidence of HAPI proved a positive outcome on reducing the pressure injury severity from Stage Two pressure injuries to Stage One pressure injuries.
Raynaldo, M. (2020). Implementing Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injury (HAPI) Prevention Program. [Doctoral project, University of St Augustine for Health Sciences]. SOAR @ USA: Student Scholarly Projects Collection. https://doi.org/10.46409/sr.RIDN4317
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