Date of Award
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Douglas M. Turner PhD, DNP, RN, CNE, NE-BC, NEA-BC
Sheri Jacobson PhD, RN
Practice Problem: An estimated 6.5 million American adults ≥20 years of age have heart failure (HF) and worldwide 1 to 2% of the total healthcare budget is spent on HF. To improve outcomes and streamline the treatment of HF patients, The American Heart Association (AHA) joined with the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and created the Get With The Guidelines Program (GWTG).
PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was in adult HF patients admitted to the cardiovascular unit under the care of the hospitalist service, does implementing an evidence-based practice (EBP) discharge medication protocol for physician use based on the AHA GWTG program’s HF discharge medication protocol, compared to no standardized discharge protocol, improve patients’ 30-day readmission rate, in 12 weeks?
Evidence: Evidence from 10 studies supported implementing an evidence-based GDMT tool into a standardized HF discharge medication protocol for this project.
Intervention: Education and encouragement of use of the AHA GWTG discharge medication protocol for HF in the electronic health record (EHR) was provided to a group of physicians on a cardiovascular unit. The intervention was over a four-week period and pre- and post-intervention protocol use was observed with specific measures analyzed for observation of improvement.
Outcome: The results determined there was minimal statistical significance, however, there was a decrease in the financial measure of the cost of HF readmissions denoting a clinical significance.
Conclusion: Continued use of a guideline-based discharge medication protocol, such as the one utilized in this project, is recommended based on the results and evidence provided in this project.
Onstott, D. (2021). Implementation of an Evidence-Based Practice Discharge Medication Protocol for Heart Failure Patients to Reduce 30-Day Readmissions. [Doctoral project, University of St Augustine for Health Sciences]. SOAR @ USA: Student Scholarly Projects Collection. https://doi.org/10.46409/sr.QTUR9486
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