Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

World Physiotherapy Congress


The quantitative evaluation of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function is of great value for the diagnosis and treatment of female pelvic floor dysfunction (FPFD; Gachon et al. 2019). The demographics and the prevalence of pelvic floor dysfunction are well understood but there are no data on the normative values of PFM function and the preventive measures needed to serve this population (Jundt, Peschers, and Kentenich 2015).

A total of 200 healthy adults, including 71 males and 129 females participated in this observational analytical study. Subjects were included in the study if they were healthy females or males aged 20–45.

Bladder base displacement was measured using a sagittal curved linear array 2–5 MHz transducer over the suprapubic region.

This observational analytical study is the first to reveal gender-specific differences of the PFM function in the healthy adult population. It also provides a stratification model for the PFM function in a normal distribution of a large sample of a healthy population. The study findings allow a reference baseline data to have an objective method for a clinical measure and establish an appropriate plan of care. This stratification model will help to identify patients who are at risk for developing PFDs


Poster presented at the 2021 World Physiotherapy Congress, held online April 9-11, 2021.


  1. Gachon, B., A. Nordez, F. Pierre, L. Fradet, X. Fritel, and D. Desseauve. 2019. In vivo assessment of the levator ani muscles using shear wave elastography: A feasibility study in women. International Urogynecology Journal 30 (7):1179–86. doi:10.1007/s00192-018-3693-4

  2. Jundt, K., U. Peschers, and H. Kentenich. 2015. The investigation and treatment of female pelvic floor rzteblatt International 112 (33–34):564–74. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2015.0564