The Global Spine Care Initiative: methodology, contributors, and disclosures.


Claire D Johnson, National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, IL
Scott Haldeman, University of California, Los Angeles
Margareta Nordin, New York University
Roger Chou, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, ORFollow
Pierre Côté, University of Ontario Institute of TechnologyFollow
Eric L Hurwitz, University of Hawaii, Manoa
Bart N Green, National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, IL
Deborah Kopansky-Giles, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Kristi Randhawa, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada
Christine Cedraschi, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva SwitzerlandFollow
Arthur Ameis, University of Montreal, Toronto, CanadaFollow
Emre Acaroğlu, ARTES Spine Center, Ankara TurkeyFollow
Ellen Aartun, Center for Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, Toronto, CanadaFollow
Afua Adjei-Kwayisi, Ridge Regional Hospital, Accra, GhanaFollow
Selim Ayhan, Acibadem University, Ankara, TurkeyFollow
Amer Aziz, Ghurki Trust Teaching Hospital, Lahore Pakistan, Lahore, Punjab, PakistanFollow
Teresa Bas, Valencia University, Valencia, Spain
Fiona Blyth, University of Sydney, Concord, NSW, AustraliaFollow
David Borenstein, George Washington University Medical Center, Potomac, MDFollow
O'Dane Brady, World Spine Care, Tampa, FL
Peter Brooks, University of Melbourne, Toorak, Melbourne, VIC, AustraliaFollow
Connie Camilleri, St Michael’s Hospital, North York, ON, Canada
Juan M Castellote, University Complutense, Madrid, SpainFollow
Michael B Clay, Cincinnati Veterans Afairs Medical Center, Cincinnati, OHFollow
Fereydoun Davatchi, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Jean Dudler, Hospital Cantonal, Fribourg, FR, Switzerland
Robert Dunn, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South AfricaFollow
Stefan Eberspaecher, Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana
Juan Emmerich, University of La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Jean Pierre Farcy, Piermont, NY, USA
Norman Fisher-Jeffes, Panorama Medi Clinic, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
Christine Goertz, The Spine Institute for Quality, Davenport, IAFollow
Michael Grevitt, Nottingham University Hospitals, Edwalton, Nottingham, UK
Erin A Griffith, Emergency Medicine, Carlsbad, CA
Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni, Mohammed VI University of Health Sciences (UM6SS), Casablanca, Morocco
Jan Hartvigsen, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
Maria Hondras, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS
Edward J Kane, University of St. Augustine for Health SciencesFollow
Julie Laplante, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Nadège Lemeunier, Institut Franco-Européen de Chiropraxie, Toulouse, France
John Mayer, 8 U.S. Spine and Sport Foundation, San Diego, CA
Silvano Mior, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, ON, Canada
Tiro Mmopelwa, Life Gaborone Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana
Michael Modic, Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland, OH
Jean Moss, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, President Emerita, Toronto, ON, Canada
Rajani Mullerpatan, Mahatma Gandhi Mission Institute of Health Sciences, Maharashtra, India
Elijah Muteti, Moi University, Eldoret, Kenya
Lillian Mwaniki, Law Society of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya
Madeleine Ngandeu-Singwe, University of Yaoundé I, Yaounde, Center Region, Cameroon
Geoff Outerbridge, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Chelsea, QC, Canada
Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India
Heather Shearer, UOIT-CMCC Centre for Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, Toronto, Canada
Matthew Smuck, Stanford University, Redwood City, CA
Erkin Sönmez, Başkent University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
Patricia Tavares, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Toronto, ON, Canada
Anne Taylor-Vaisey, UOIT-CMCC Centre for Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, Toronto, Canada
Carlos Torres, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Paola Torres, Universidad Finis Terrae, Santiago, Chile
Alexander van der Horst, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia
Leslie Verville, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada
Emiliano Vialle, Catholic University of Parana, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
Gomatam Vijay Kumar, AMRI Hospitals, Salt Lake, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Adriaan Vlok, University of Stellenbosch, Bellville, Western Cape, South Africa
William Watters, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA
Chung Chek Wong, Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Jessica J Wong, UOIT-CMCC Centre for Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, Toronto, Canada
Hainan Yu, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada
Selcen Yüksel, Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey

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European Spine Journal




PURPOSE: The purpose of this report is to describe the Global Spine Care Initiative (GSCI) contributors, disclosures, and methods for reporting transparency on the development of the recommendations.

METHODS: World Spine Care convened the GSCI to develop an evidence-based, practical, and sustainable healthcare model for spinal care. The initiative aims to improve the management, prevention, and public health for spine-related disorders worldwide; thus, global representation was essential. A series of meetings established the initiative's mission and goals. Electronic surveys collected contributorship and demographic information, and experiences with spinal conditions to better understand perceptions and potential biases that were contributing to the model of care.

RESULTS: Sixty-eight clinicians and scientists participated in the deliberations and are authors of one or more of the GSCI articles. Of these experts, 57 reported providing spine care in 34 countries, (i.e., low-, middle-, and high-income countries, as well as underserved communities in high-income countries.) The majority reported personally experiencing or having a close family member with one or more spinal concerns including: spine-related trauma or injury, spinal problems that required emergency or surgical intervention, spinal pain referred from non-spine sources, spinal deformity, spinal pathology or disease, neurological problems, and/or mild, moderate, or severe back or neck pain. There were no substantial reported conflicts of interest.

CONCLUSION: The GSCI participants have broad professional experience and wide international distribution with no discipline dominating the deliberations. The GSCI believes this set of papers has the potential to inform and improve spine care globally. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.




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Johnson CD, Haldeman S, Nordin M, Chou R, Côté P, Hurwitz EL, Green BN, Kopansky-Giles D, Randhawa K, Cedraschi C, Ameis A, Acaroğlu E, Aartun E, Adjei-Kwayisi A, Ayhan S, Aziz A, Bas T, Blyth F, Borenstein D, Brady O, Brooks P, Camilleri C, Castellote JM, Clay MB, Davatchi F, Dudler J, Dunn R, Eberspaecher S, Emmerich J, Farcy JP, Fisher-Jeffes N, Goertz C, Grevitt M, Griffith EA, Hajjaj-Hassouni N, Hartvigsen J, Hondras M, Kane EJ, Laplante J, Lemeunier N, Mayer J, Mior S, Mmopelwa T, Modic M, Moss J, Mullerpatan R, Muteti E, Mwaniki L, Ngandeu-Singwe M, Outerbridge G, Rajasekaran S, Shearer H, Smuck M, Sönmez E, Tavares P, Taylor-Vaisey A, Torres C, Torres P, van der Horst A, Verville L, Vialle E, Kumar GV, Vlok A, Watters W 3rd, Wong CC, Wong JJ, Yu H, Yüksel S. The Global Spine Care Initiative: methodology, contributors, and disclosures. Eur Spine J. 2018 Sep;27(Suppl 6):786-795. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5723-9