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Acquired brain injury (ABI) refers to an injury to the brain that is not hereditary, congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma (Brain Injury Association [BIA], 2023). ABI is an umbrella term for all brain injuries, typically classified as traumatic (e.g., sports injury, fall) or non-traumatic (e.g., stroke, infection) (Wales et al., 2021). It is considered one of the leading causes of death and disability for individuals of all ages (Riccardi & Lundine, 2022). The BIA (2023) reports that ages 0-4 and 15-19 are at greater risk for brain injury. The severity of ABI among pediatrics is more severe than in adult and older adult populations, resulting in disruptions in essential developmental stages. Motor, cognitive, and psychosocial challenges are commonly mentioned in the literature. Impairments in these functions can be detrimental to the participation and performance in occupations (activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, play, leisure, education, social participation, work, rest, and sleep), thus affecting the individual's well-being. Occupational therapy (OT) practitioners are among the healthcare professionals that assist individuals with ABI. However, the research is limited and unorganized to inform OT practitioners of existing or emerging treatment techniques or interventions to better support this population with participation and performance to impact well-being positively. Thus, purpose of this capstone project is to conduct a scoping review for OT practitioners that promotes participation, performance, and well-being among children and youth (ages 5-21) who have ABI.

Publication Date

Summer 2023


University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences


pediatrics, brain injury, occupational therapy

Medical Subject Headings

pediatrics, brain injury, Occupational Therapies, rehabilitation, motor, cognitive, psychosocial


Occupational Therapy | Pediatrics


Poster presented at the Summer 2023 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on August 2-9, 2023

Supporting Motor, Cognitive, and Psychosocial Functions for Children and Youth with Acquired Brain Injury: A Scoping Review