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Music has been recognized as having therapeutic properties for people with a range of conditions and is the focus of the music therapy profession. Although occupational therapy (OT) has used music as therapeutic medium, the limited literature on the use of music in OT has not been systematically reviewed, making it difficult for OT practitioners to frame the use of music in their practices. The objective of this review was to identify how OT practitioners have reported they have used music as a therapeutic medium in OT practice. This review used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). Databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, APA PsychInfo, APA PsychArticles, and Open Dissertations with key terms “music” and “occupational therapy.” A thorough academic literature database search yielded 574 publications, an additional 2 records identified through other sources of which 22 articles satisfied the inclusion criteria for this scoping review. The studies' various outcomes show how music-based therapies have been utilized to impact the occupations of different populations with different diagnoses. Through the organization of articles detailing the use of music-based interventions by OT practitioners in practice, OT practitioners can better grasp this mode of treatment in practice.

Publication Date

Summer 8-9-2023


University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences


occupational therapy, music, music therapy


Music Therapy | Occupational Therapy


Poster presented at the Summer 2023 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on August 2-9, 2023

Music as a Therapeutic Medium in Occupational Therapy: A Scoping Review