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The purpose of this project was to meet the needs of adults of low socioeconomic status that are at risk for developing diabetes due to multiple occupational barriers through evidence-based interventions developed by Occupational Therapists. Reflecting on current literature on the social determinants of health can help clients achieve a better quality of life. It addressed the specific barriers in an individual’s lifestyle and community resources faced daily in occupations such as managing finances, shopping, sleeping, cooking, and eating healthier, along with utilizing physical activity to prevent diabetes. OT is underutilized in this area even though the expertise is needed to decrease the prevalence of diabetes. By the end of this mixed methods research project, OT can be recognized as a stakeholder in the Center for Disease and Prevention Control’s diabetes prevention program to advocate for these clients to receive all the diabetes prevention assistance afforded to everyone.

Type II diabetes is rising rapidly around the world. This project highlights barriers in clients in the Northern Virginia region. Looking at diabetes prevention at the local level rather than the national level allows for a more accurate picture of the barriers these individuals face. Later this data could be used for further studies in other areas across the United States and even internationally.

Publication Date

Summer 8-9-2023


University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences


Type II Diabetes, Social factors, CDC diabetes prevention program, Low socioeconomic status, lifestyle medicine, quality of life, prevalence of diabetes

Medical Subject Headings

Adults high risk for diabetes, Lifestyle modification


Occupational Therapy | Preventive Medicine


Poster presented at the Summer 2023 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on August 2-9, 2023

Occupational Barriers in Attendance of Diabetes Prevention Programs in Adults of Low Socioeconomic Status