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This study explores the concept of resistance through a qualitative research study by focusing on the occupation of surfing by Black, Indigenous, and People of Color. The concept and acts of resistance have seldom been discussed in occupational science literature in addressing these communities' barriers. The frameworks include occupational justice, postcolonialism, and collective occupations that provide a layout of why and how current grass-roots efforts of communities marginalized from a meaningful activity utilize the meaningful activity as a vehicle for liberation. Eight participants were interviewed to understand their individual experiences in surfing in Southern California. Themes include Race, Class, and Gender Manifesting in Different Ways, Identifying as a BIPOC Surfer, Cohesion and Balance Between Forms of Resistance, and Collective Doing within a Space. The results give occupational therapists and occupational scientists a deeper understanding of how resistance can enable systematic change in response to oppressive forces, including racism, patriarchy, and capitalism.

Publication Date

Summer 8-9-2023


University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences


resistance, collective occupations, postcolonialism, surfing, anti-racism, occupational injustice, blue spaces


Occupational Therapy | Social Justice | United States History


Poster presented at the Summer 2023 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on August 2-9, 2023

The Occupation of Surfing by Black, Indigenous, and People of Color Communities as a Form of Resistance