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This scoping review investigated the role of occupational therapists in treating extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) patients within the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. The review was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines. Databases analyzed included CINAHL, PubMed, and ProQuest. The primary research question aimed to identify the role of occupational therapists in ECMO patient care. The secondary research question aimed to determine the percentage of ECMO patients who received occupational therapy services in the ICU and were discharged home. The search retrieved a total of 400 records. After the inclusion, exclusion, and selection process, 33 articles were included for review. Results provide an analysis of the portrayal of OT's role in ECMO patient care as presented in the literature. Future research should be conducted to expand on the scope and role of OT in supporting ECMO patients in the ICU.

Publication Date

Spring 4-10-2024


University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, intensive care unit, occupational therapy, rehabilitation

Medical Subject Headings

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, occupational therapy


Medical Education | Occupational Therapy


Poster presented at the Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium, held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on April 10-17, 2024.

The Role of OT in Treating ECMO Patients in the ICU: A Scoping Review