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Endometriosis is a condition that can affect women of reproductive age (Kalaitzopoulos et al., 2021). This condition causes endometrial-type tissue to grow outside of the uterus (Kalaitzopoulos et al., 2021). Women diagnosed with endometriosis often have difficulty participating in their daily responsibilities and leisure activities. In a study completed by Lozano-Lozano et al., 2021, 22.6% of women reported limitations in at least one activity of daily living and instrumental activity of daily living. Other limitations include incontinence, meal preparation, leisure activities, and household chores (Mundo-López et al., 2020). Symptoms of endometriosis often include chronic fatigue, anxiety, depression, sexual dissatisfaction, and poor sleep quality (Mundo-López et al., 2020). Occupational therapists, help their patients become independent with activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, health management, rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation (American Occupational Therapy Association, 2020). Purpose: The purpose of this capstone project is to provide education to healthcare professionals and their clients on the role that occupational therapy can play in the treatment of endometriosis. The use of modalities can be a complementary treatment option for clients in daily pain, awaiting surgery, and/or who have exhausted other treatment options.

Publication Date

Fall 2023


University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences


Occupational therapy and PAMS, Physical agent modalities, Pain, Endometriosis, Occupational performance, Leisure

Medical Subject Headings

Female, Occupational therapy, Endometriosis, Depression, Leisure activities


Occupational Therapy | Other Mental and Social Health


Poster presented at the Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium, held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on December 6, 2023.

The Role of Occupational Therapy and the Use of Physical Agent Modalities and Occupational Therapy Interventions to Decrease Pain Associated with Endometriosis to Provide Increased Occupational Performance in Leisure Activities