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Consistent caregiver involvement in therapy services is a necessity for an increase in therapeutic outcomes for children and caregiver confidence. A caregiver’s cultural background plays a significant role in choices made on behalf of their child and the amount of caregiver engagement that is involved in their child’s therapy services. When cultural factors and needs are unacknowledged or unmet by therapists, this can lead to a decrease in motivation for caregivers and their children to participate in therapeutic interventions. Due to the essential need for a caregiver to be involved in their child’s pediatric therapy services, pediatric OTs must learn to deliver services effectively, while practicing cultural competency in the caregiver-therapist relationship. There is a current lack of research on identification of specific cultural factors that impact family-centered care, further causing health disparities and cultural inequity in pediatric therapy.

This capstone is aimed to identify which cultural factors impact family-centered care, specifically pediatric occupational therapist’s therapeutic use of self and caregiver engagement in pediatric occupational therapy services. Results on how current family-centered care is carried out and areas where therapists and caregivers can improve to build a healthy caregiver-therapist relationship were found.

Publication Date

Fall 12-9-2021


University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Medical Subject Headings

Cultural Competency, Child, Caregivers, Patient-Centered Care, Occupational Therapy, Occupational Therapists


Occupational Therapy


Poster presented at the Fall 2021 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences, December 9-10, 2021.

The Impact of Culture on Family-Centered Care