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This project aims to create a safe and inclusive playroom for children 0-4-year-old with visual impairment (VI), and to promote the development in social interaction, motor, and process (thinking) skills. With the use of play, children with VI can improve their developmental skills by their interaction with peers and the environment which will improve their well-being. The Person-Environment-Occupation- Performance Model was used to find dysfunction in the constructs that would limit the performance in play for children with VI. The project renovated the San Antonio Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired (SALBVI) playroom to accommodate the needs of the children with VI. Universal design principles were used to increase inclusivity and safety to reduce parental overprotection during activity and encourage exploration for children with VI. Handouts were created to increase caregiver role competence and understanding of what are the needs of children with VI and how to support the children's development and participation in play.

Publication Date



University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences


visual impairment, children, developmental delay, play, universal design, indoor playroom

Medical Subject Headings

Universal Design, Visually Impaired Persons, Child, Preschool, Child Development, Occupational Therapy, Blindness, Vision, Low


Occupational Therapy | Pediatrics


Poster presented at the Fall 2020 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium, held online at the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences on December 11, 2020.

Development of a Universal Design Playroom for Children with Visual Impairments