Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics
Aim: To examine the effects of life review on daily activities, social participation, outlook on life, and perceptions of living in a nursing home measured by life satisfaction and quality of life in older adults.
Method: The study design was a two-phase quasi-experimental pre-post-tests including development and testing of a life review protocol. Nine residents, age ≥65, participated in a life review group once weekly for 6 weeks. Outcomes were analyzed using the Life Satisfaction Index-Z (LSI-Z) and pre-post surveys.
Results: LSI-Z scores improved post-intervention and survey outcomes indicated participation in activities of daily living (ADLs), socialization, outlook on life, and living in a nursing home perceptions improved for all participants.
Conclusion: The study demonstrates the effectiveness of a life review protocol to improve ADLs, social participation, and enhancing perceptions of outlook on life and living in a nursing home enhancing QOL and life satisfaction for older adult nursing home residents.
Wren, R. (2018). Effect of life review on quality of life for older adults living in nursing homes. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 34(4), 186-204. https://doi.org/10.1080/02703181.2016.1268236