Document Type


Publication Date



The wide array of psychological and physical responses following an IED bombing may reduce the likelihood that appropriate assessment and recovery from mTBI occur. Such a situation is problematic as mTBI itself may negatively influence the recovery from the traumatic event or associated injuries if not diagnosed and managed properly. Consequently, the overall aim of this article is to better inform healthcare practitioners, patients, and patients’ social support networkabout the nature of IED-related mild traumatic brain injuries. In so doing, we hope to facilitate enhanced assessment, management, and rehabilitation of this injury. In particular, the specific goals of the review include: (i) a description of the nature of an IED-related mTBI in a civilian setting (section 2 to 2.3); (ii) a description of the unique circumstances for mTBI survivors in regards to the signs and symptoms that may be anticipated (section 2.4); (iii) what key stakeholders including: the rehabilitant, the managing health care team, and social support providers (e.g., family members) can expect in terms of the physical and emotional recovery process (sections 3 to 4.4.) Finally, general and specific lifestyle modifications to improve survivors’ health are described in order to lay a clear foundation for patients’ recovery from an IED-related mTBI.