Arnis-based Exercise Program for Balance Control in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Study Protocol for a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
Author ORCID Identifier
Donald S. Lipardo: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8094-579X
Donald G. Manlapaz: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1041-2303
Vergel B. Orpilla: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4203-4431
Jasneer Tricia C. Arevalo: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7346-2757
Jim Carlo S. Buan: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1333-4096
Jaisen Lluch F. Cortez: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8677-4688
Kyrell Patrick Desquitado: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5522-9142
Vianca Mae L. Geli: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6739-994X
Jose Raphael L. Lacorte: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3158-9228
Johna R. Masibay: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1595-4838
Caitlin Joy A. Sanchez: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3846-6805
Alyssa Denise B. Villanueva: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0511-1968
Background: Aging causes impairment in balance and increases the prevalence of falls in older adults. Martial arts are now incorporated into exercise programs to improve balance. Arnis, a Filipino Martial Art, can improve the balance control of older adults.
Objectives: This study primarily aims to determine the effects of an Arnis-based exercise program on balance control of healthy community-dwelling older adults. This study also aims to describe its effect on older adults’ concerns about falling and lower limb functional strength.
Methods:This will be a single-blind, pilot randomized controlled trial. Participants will be randomly allocated to either the intervention or control group. The intervention group will perform an Arnis-based exercise program for 40-60 minutes per session thrice a week for 12 weeks. The control group will continue to do their usual activities for the duration of the study. Participants will be measured at baseline and 12 weeks after for balance, concern for falling, and lower limb strength using the Berg Balance Scale, Timed-Up and Go Test, Falls Efficacy Scale-International Filipino, and the 30-second Chair Sit-to-stand Test, respectively. Data will be analysed through independent and paired t-tests. A p-value
Expected Results: Significant improvements in the balance scores in the intervention group are expected after 12 weeks of the Arnis-based exercise program, along with its effects on concerns for falling and lower extremity strength. The pilot study will provide data on the effectiveness of Arnis as a reference for future larger experimental studies.
Lipardo, D.S., Manlapaz, D.G., Orpilla, V.B., Buan, J.C.S., Arevalo, J.T.C., Cortez, J.L.F., Desquitado, K.P., Geli., V.M.L., Lacorte, J.R.L., Masibay, J.R., Sanchez, C.J.A., Villanueva, A.D.B. (2022). Arnis-based exercise program for balance control in community-dwelling older adults: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Philippine Journal of Physical Therapy.1(3):3-12. https://doi.org/10.46409/002.JEGQ6438