Author ORCID Identifier

Donald S. Lipardo: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8094-579X

Donald G. Manlapaz: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1041-2303

Vergel B. Orpilla: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4203-4431

Jasneer Tricia C. Arevalo: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7346-2757

Jim Carlo S. Buan: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1333-4096

Jaisen Lluch F. Cortez: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8677-4688

Kyrell Patrick Desquitado: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5522-9142

Vianca Mae L. Geli: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6739-994X

Jose Raphael L. Lacorte: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3158-9228

Johna R. Masibay: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1595-4838

Caitlin Joy A. Sanchez: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3846-6805

Alyssa Denise B. Villanueva: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0511-1968


Background: Aging causes impairment in balance and increases the prevalence of falls in older adults. Martial arts are now incorporated into exercise programs to improve balance. Arnis, a Filipino Martial Art, can improve the balance control of older adults.

Objectives: This study primarily aims to determine the effects of an Arnis-based exercise program on balance control of healthy community-dwelling older adults. This study also aims to describe its effect on older adults’ concerns about falling and lower limb functional strength.

Methods:This will be a single-blind, pilot randomized controlled trial. Participants will be randomly allocated to either the intervention or control group. The intervention group will perform an Arnis-based exercise program for 40-60 minutes per session thrice a week for 12 weeks. The control group will continue to do their usual activities for the duration of the study. Participants will be measured at baseline and 12 weeks after for balance, concern for falling, and lower limb strength using the Berg Balance Scale, Timed-Up and Go Test, Falls Efficacy Scale-International Filipino, and the 30-second Chair Sit-to-stand Test, respectively. Data will be analysed through independent and paired t-tests. A p-value

Expected Results: Significant improvements in the balance scores in the intervention group are expected after 12 weeks of the Arnis-based exercise program, along with its effects on concerns for falling and lower extremity strength. The pilot study will provide data on the effectiveness of Arnis as a reference for future larger experimental studies.