Date of Award
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Theresa Pape, PhD, RN, CNOR-E, CNE
Marla Weiss, DNP, FNP-C
Practice Problem: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States; many of the deaths are preventable with early detection. Adherence rates for colorectal cancer screening with fecal immunochemical test kits (FIT) was below the national benchmark at this facility.
PICOT: The PICOT question that guided this project was: Among veterans 50 – 75 years old requiring average risk colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) seen in primary care at a veterans affairs healthcare system facility (P), how does the use of a multi-component intervention (I), compared to the usual care (C), affect the number of patients completing CRCS (O) over a period of 12 weeks (T)?
Evidence: Review of high-quality studies suggested a multi-component approach, including increasing provider awareness and increasing patient education and outreach, as the most effective approach to increase colorectal screening compliance.
Intervention: The multi-component intervention included a standardized CRCS nurse navigation process through standard work which included the teach-back method, patient outreach, and provider feedback.
Outcome: There were clinically significant improvements in adherence with returned FIT kits, follow up for abnormal FIT kits, and statistically significant improvements with nursing documentation of patient teaching. The number of patients overdue for CRCS decreased.
Conclusion: The multi-component CRCS screening intervention demonstrated significant improvements in the intervention clinics which is consistent with the body of evidence.
Slaughter, A. (2021). The Impact of an Evidence-Based Multi-component Intervention on Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care at a Healthcare System. [Doctoral project, University of St Augustine for Health Sciences]. SOAR @ USA: Student Scholarly Projects Collection. https://doi.org/10.46409/sr.ELIK2330
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